公开课 高考英语任务型阅读-七选五解读课件_图文

高考新题型
阅读填空(七选五)

解题技巧及范例

Teaching aims: (教学目标)

● 了解“七选五”的特点、掌握解题
的技巧。

● 利用所学解题技巧进行解题训练。

Step1: Leading-in (导入)

题型解读
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试题模式:给出一篇缺少5个句子的说明文或议论文, 对应有7个选项,要求考生根据文章结构、内容,选 出正确的句子,填入相应的空白处。 考查重点:主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构 以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。(考试说明) 选项特点:主旨概括句(文章整体内容) 过渡性句子(文章结构) 注释性句子(上下文逻辑意义) 挖空特点:标题类、主题句类、承上启下类、 概括总结类。

挖空特点

篇章结构类 细节类

Step 2 解题技巧

篇章结构类题解题技巧

篇章结构类解题技巧
段首或段落标题 段落中间

根据空 格所在 位置

段尾

根据空格所在位置确定不同的解题策略
1)如果空格在段首或为段落标题

* 通常是段落主题句,概括本段中心内容 * 段落标题---祈使句或名词短语 * 段首---引入下文
Tip:认真阅读后文内容,根据段落一致性原则, 查找同义词或其他相关的词,推断出主题句。关 注每段首尾句,了解大意知主题 。

空格为段落标题 (课标全国卷) ● 73 When a person is asking a question, show interest and a desire to understand the question by listening and asking for clarification. A. Show your true interest. B. Restate the question with respect. C. Some ideas can be quite concrete.

祈使句

根据空格所在位置确定不同的解题策略
2)如果空格在段尾

*通常是结论、概括性语句。 *按照一定的逻辑顺序发展最终… *和段首句首尾呼应 *承上启下
Tip:注意在选项中查找表示时间顺序、结果、 结论、总结等的信号词,如therefore, as a result, thus, hence, in short, to sum up, to conclude, in a word等词语,选项中也可发现前文的同义词句。

空格为段尾
Here are a few tips for making sure your new culture doesn’t overpower the old. …… Keep in touch with home. You probably left behind good friends and family when you moved. If it’s going to be a long time until your next visit, keep in touch. You’ve not only left behind people, but also other things---like your favorite spot to hang out. __4___ B A.It’s important to be yourself. B.Keep pictures around to remind you home. C.But the good news is that culture shock is temporary.

首尾呼应

根据空格所在位置确定不同的解题策略

3)空格在段中
这时要根据空格前后的句子意思、句子之 间的逻辑关系以及备选选项的句子意思来确 定答案。

Not all past predictions have been proved wrong. ______ 段中 Some great thinkers predicted the arrival of the credit card, the fax machine and even the internet ----years before they happened. A.Predictions of the Future B.A few of them have been surprisingly accurate. C. It hasn’t appear yet.

解题技巧

细节类题型解题技巧

细节类解题技巧

关 键 词

词汇复现法 词汇同现法 代词线索法 逻辑关系线索法

词汇复现法
词汇复现是作者在文章上下文不同的位置对同一 个概念进行重复描述。常见有:

同词、 同源词

同义词、 反义词 近义词

重复出现

词汇复现(同词复现)(全国课标卷) …During my first meeting, I presented and then opened the floor to questions. 71 . My first reaction was to answer defensively. … B. Restate the question with respect. C. Some ideas can be quite concrete. D. There were many difficult questions.

词汇复现(反义词复现)(2012辽宁卷) There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage….

D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch.

2)词汇同现法
词汇同现是指属于同一词汇搭配范畴或 者某一领域的词汇在文章中同时出现,达到 语义衔接的目的。你可以在选项中找到与此 词汇最接近的词,从而达到快而准。一般来 说,上下文中词汇的范畴越小,上下文的衔 接关系越紧密。

词汇同现(同一词汇范畴)(课标全国卷)
Parents should help their children understand money. 71 . So you may start talking about money when your child shows an interest in buying things, candy or toys, for example. D. Talk yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. E. Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. G. The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest.

3)代词线索法
英语表达中,代词出现的频率极高,代 词的作用是用来指代前面面提及的名词或 句子。

代词线索 (全国课标卷)
Try taking these four steps. the next time you are stressed: (1) Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk to “trusted adult, such as “parent or other relatives. 72 They might have had similar problems, such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet. D. Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone. E. You need to figure out what the problem is. F. And don't forget about your friends.

4)逻辑关系线索法
并列与递进关系:and, also, further, moreover, what’s more, either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also, firstly, secondly, thirdly…. 等; 因果关系:so, therefore, thus, hence, accordingly, consequently, as a result等; 转折与让步关系:however, nevertheless, though, yet, in spite of, on the contrary, otherwise, while, rather than, even if, despite, fortunately等。

并列或递进关系(辽宁卷)
The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75 Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends.

因果关系(2012辽宁卷)
It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 74 . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.

转折关系(2011辽宁卷)
Everyone is forgetful, but as we age, we start to feel like our brains are slowing down a bit—and that can be a very annoying thing. 71 Read on for some techniques worth trying.

D. So take a few minutes each day to do some reading. F. Luckily, research shows there is a lot you can do to avoid those moments. G. In other words, when you take care of your body, you take care of your brain.

Step3: 解题步骤:
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1.看标题、副标题预测文章大意。 2.看选项,找出和文章相对应的关键词。 3.通读全文,查看主题句,分析结构。 4.看空前空后内容,分析之间的逻辑性。 5.灵活掌握答题顺序(先易后难)。 6. 代入答案,重点核查逻辑关系。

高考真题 ? 2016年高考英语课标卷II ? 七选五解析

本文是说明文,主要讲述了吃鱼对人的好处以及 Everyone knows that fish is good for health.__1__ But it seems that 挑选鱼和做鱼的方法。 many people don’t cook fish at home. Americans eat可知该空内 only about G [根据该空内容的前一句和后面的 but

fifteen pounds of fish per person perG year, but we eat twice 容应是吃鱼的好处,故判断 选项符合语境。 ] as much fish in restaurants at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t D as [根据后面的解释内容可以判断此句起到 difficult.__2__This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy 承上启下的作用,故判断 D选项符合语境。 ] way.__3__Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re F [根据后面的解释内容可以判断此处应该填选鱼的 standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the 方法,故 F选项符合语境。 ] bought a fish and arrive home, fish isn’t fresh.__ 4__When you have Abetter .Dostore not the buy it. you’d fish in the refrigerator if you don’t cook it B.The easiest is to steam it. in your fridge for only a immediately, but fresh fish should be stored A C [. 此句是对上文的一个总结,根据因果关系,故选 This is how you it. fresh one. There are day or two. Frozen fish isn’t as can tasty do as the A选项。 ] D . It just requires ato little many common methods used cook knowledge. fish.__5__ First, clean it and E. fishchoice will go bad within hours. season itThe with your of spices( 调料).Put the whole fish on a B 根据空前内容可知此处应填做鱼的方法,故 Babout F .[ When buying fish , you first smell it. plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 toshould 10 minutes if it weighs ]fish G.The fats in are more thought help one 选项符合语境。 pound. (A larger one will take time.)to Then, it’sprevent ready to serve. heart disease.

Summary----七选五解题策略 篇章结构 细节(词) 词汇复现

段首
段中

词汇同现

代词线索 段尾 逻辑关系

策略只是技巧, 理解才是关键 总结 策略只是技巧, Supposing 理解才是关键 you are the Supposing The best writher, try 速度全文,关注每段首尾句,了 you are the preparation your best to 解大意和主题 writer, try your for tomorrow complete the best to 浏览选项,理解全篇逻辑关系, is doing your 答 essay and complete the 找出关键词 best today. 题 and 运用上下文所重复的词(同词、 solve the 词汇是基础 essay 词汇是基础 problem . your 技 the 近义词、反义词、同意范畴或领 Enlarge solve Enlarge your 巧 vocabulary! problem . 域、代词、冠词)推断 vocabulary! Enjoy Enjoy 理清结构与逻辑关系,确定答案 reading!! reading!!

策略只是技巧, 理解才是关键 总结 策略只是技巧, Supposing 理解才是关键 The best preparation you are the Supposing The best writher, try 1.Revise the content 速度全文,关注每段首尾句,了 you are the for tomorrow is doing preparation your best to Homework 解大意和主题 writher, try learnt today. for tomorrow your best today. complete the your best to 浏览选项,理解全篇逻辑关系, is doing your 答 2.Finish exercises essay and complete the 找出关键词 best today. 题 and 运用上下文所重复的词(同词、 solve the 词汇是基础 essay on the paper. 词汇是基础 problem . 技 the Enlarge your solve 近义词、反义词、同意范畴或领 Enlarge your 巧 vocabulary! problem . 域、代词、冠词)推断 vocabulary! Enjoy Enjoy 理清结构与逻辑关系,确定答案 reading!! reading!!


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